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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 161-166

Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis

1 Department of Pedaitrics, Pt B D Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Medicine and Nephrology, Pt B D Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3 Department of Critical Care Medicine, JNU Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Pediaitric Critical Care, Advanced Pediatric Critical Care, Wanless Hospital, Miraj, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kundan Mittal
Pt B D Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpcc.jpcc_20_21

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Respiratory illnesses and failure are common in pediatric population compared to adults due to anatomical and physiological differences in respiratory system. Respiratory acidosis is commonly seen in intensive care settings and needs immediate attention. Treatment depends on underlying pathology and mechanical ventilation. Respiratory alkalosis is least common only mainly iatrogenic or child is hyperventilating.

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