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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-42

Necrotizing fasciitis complicating perforated Meckel's diverticulum in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapse: A case report

1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Radiodiagnosis, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Pathology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
5 Department of Plastic Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rahul Gupta
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpcc.jpcc_87_22

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The occurrence of necrotizing fasciitis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has been reported with malignancies during granulocytopenic episodes from chemotherapy. Perforation of Meckel's diverticulum in children with leukemia is very rare. Only one case has been reported in the literature till now. A 10-year-old male presented with acute abdomen and was diagnosed with perforation peritonitis due to a perforated Meckel diverticulum receiving chemotherapy for relapse of B-cell ALL. In addition, the patient was a known case of celiac disease. Intraoperatively, due to the hemodynamic instability and thrombocytopenia, it was decided to perform a resection of the ileum bearing the pathology with a double-barrel ileostomy. He developed necrotizing fasciitis of the anterior abdominal wall due to Group A streptococci and overwhelming Gram-positive sepsis. The patient was managed comprehensively with multiple platelets concentrates, fasciotomy of the abdominal wall, and multiple debridements under the cover of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Histopathology of the resected Meckel's diverticulum showed ectopic gastric mucosa. Two months later, split-thickness skin grafting was performed. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical management may prevent mortality associated with both the delayed presentation of bowel perforation and necrotizing fasciitis in ALL patients.

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